Black Holes: Complex Physics Cause Mass Matter Absorption
The thought of an object so irresistible with a gravity well so deep that not even light can escape it worries me a bit…
These things are called Black Holes. They’ve earned this special name because light cannot escape from their powerful grip (that’s the black part) and the matter and energy that is unlucky enough to fall into it never escapes (that’s the “hole” part). They come with this nifty one way surface called an “event horizon.” Frankly, I would call it your worst nightmare and I can assure you that if you were traveling across the universe, your galactic GPS would highlight them as areas to avoid.
It is commonly thought that one way a Black Hole can form is by the death of a star. The theory is that as a star ages, it sheds mass. This causes the star to lose fuel, and as it loses fuel, it’s temperature falls. The star eventually reaches a point where it’s outward pressure (caused by it’s heat) can no longer counteract it’s gravitational pull and it collapses. Lots of things can happen at this point, but if the remaining mass is right, it will form a black hole.
At this point, you’re probably wondering how we know they exist if we can’t see them. Good question! Black Holes can be seen by what they do to the space, matter, time and gravity around them as they are warped and dragged, screaming into oblivion.
Consider this: Where does all the matter and energy go? What’s on the other side of a black hole? A white hole spewing matter from our universe into another universe?
The Formation of Stellar Mass Black Holes
Black Holes and the Center of Galaxies
The Man Who Discovered Cosmic Black Holes: Karl Schwarzschild
Massive Black Hole Eats Galaxy Close to Earth!
What is the Galactic Center?