Comet ISON was discovered in September 2012 by Russian astronomers Vitali Nevski and Artyom Novichonok. They are part of a night sky survey program called the International Scientific Optical Network (ISON). The comet was named after this program.
There is the potential for all of us to be able to see a newly discovered comet with the naked eye within the next month! Comet McNaught, which is officially cataloged as C/2009 R1 was discovered by Australian astronomer Robert McNaught in September of 2009. The comet is already visible through binoculars and is sporting an impressive tail. It is predicted that the comet will pass closest to Earth next week and continue on toward the sun, where it will reach perihelion on July 2.