November Constellations in the Night Sky with Star Map
November is a transition month for night sky observing. The summer constellations are fading and the winter constellations are on the rise. The November night sky is dominated by three popular star groups: Andromeda, Cassiopeia and Pisces.
In the northern hemisphere, the Andromeda Constellation can be seen from August through January and November is the best time for viewing where it will be seen high in the evening sky. As you can see in the star map above, the shape of Andromeda is an inverted letter ‘A’ which is attached to the Square of Pegasus. Once you find the Andromeda Constellation, you will have no trouble finding the Andromeda Galaxy.
The Andromeda Galaxy, also known as Messier 31, is a spiral galaxy much like our own Milky Way Galaxy. It is about 2,500,000 light years away from the Earth. If the sky is dark enough, you will be able to see this galaxy with the naked eye. It will appear as a faint smudge. See the picture to the right for Andromeda’s position within the constellation.
November is also a great time to view Cassiopeia. Anybody can find Cassiopeia! It is a giant ‘W’ formed by five bright stars. Andromeda will be found on the south side of Cassiopeia.
Don’t forget to look for Pisces while you are exploring the November night sky! The constellation Pisces actually represents two fish whose tail is joined together by a common star. Pisces is a litter harder to find than Cassiopeia because it covers a wide area of sky and it’s component stars are somewhat faint. The shape of Pisces is roughly that of a giant ‘V’ and can be found adjacent to the Square of Pegasus.